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Ever Wonder What Banks Do with Your Money?

Ever Wonder What Banks Do with Your Money?

| July 26, 2023

Ever Wonder What Banks Do with Your Money?

Do you ever wonder what happens to your money after you deposit it into your bank account? To answer this question, it’s necessary to understand how banks work and how they generate revenue. In this blog post, we’ll learn more about banks, fractional reserve banking, and what happens to our money after we deposit it.

Where Does Your Money Go After You Deposit It?

One of the primary functions of banks is to provide loans and credit to customers. Hence, after we deposit our money into the bank, it might lend some or all of our funds to other customers. Banks also typically invest a significant portion of their deposits in various assets, including stocks, bonds, and real estate. These investments can help generate significant revenue for them.

If your money isn’t loaned out to someone else or invested, it might very well be used to pay interest. Why? Banks typically advertise different interest rates to attract customers and encourage deposits. For example, when you deposit money, the bank will generally pay you interest as an incentive for you to keep your money with them.

What is Fractional Reserve Banking?

Simply put, fractional reserve banking refers to the practice of banks only holding a fraction of their customers' deposits as reserves while lending out the rest. This system allows banks to generate profits by charging interest on loans while also providing a convenient way for individuals and businesses to access credit.

To give an example, let's say a bank has $1,000 in deposits and a reserve requirement of 10%. It would only need to hold $100 in reserves and could lend out the remaining $900. As those loans are repaid with interest, the bank would earn a profit while still being able to provide necessary services to their customers.

It is important to note that fractional reserve banking can potentially lead to instability in the financial system if too many customers attempt to withdraw their funds at once, also known as a bank run. Understanding this practice is critical in grasping the complexities of our economic system.

How Do Banks Make Money?

Banks are businesses that earn profits by leveraging customer deposits and other financial instruments to generate income that is greater than the interest they pay on deposits. They do this through activities such as lending to borrowers (who pay the bank interest), investing in securities, and charging fees for services like overdraft protection and credit card use.

Banks also earn income by borrowing from other financial institutions at lower rates and then lending that same money at higher rates. Understanding how banks make money can help you make smarter financial decisions and choose the right bank for your needs.

Banks clearly play a critical role in our daily lives by providing vital financial services. After we deposit our money into a bank account, the bank may use it for various activities, including lending, investing, and paying interest on deposits. It’s helpful to understand that they generate revenue by charging transaction and service fees, offering loans and credit, and investing in different assets. At the same time, they must comply with various regulations and laws to ensure they operate fairly and transparently. Ultimately, banks generally provide a secure and reliable platform for customers to deposit, withdraw, and manage their finances.